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Health strategy development
Situational analysis represents an important step of the pre-planning phase for a strategy development. It actually evaluates the profile of population’s health (can be a “target” population) and the health care system in relation with the internal and external environment.
The assessment can be done based on available and reliable health indicators.
The main goal of this step is to identify priority health problems based on valid criteria. Another important goal is to provide data and information necessary to design goals and objectives for the strategy.
Data and information collected during this step cover the following domains:
- internal and external environment (review of economic, social and health objectives and policies) – SWOT analysis;
- health status and related determinants (mortality and morbidity rates, disability, burden of disease, life expectancy, lifestyle indicators, trends etc.);
- health system (public/private institutions, accessibility for health care, population coverage with services, patient flow within the health care system, etc.) resources – human, material and financial (7-10).